Proxmoxx 8.0 Installation

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Bienvenu dans cette nouvelle aventure, aujourd’hui nous allons installer un hyperviseur proxmoxx sur un serveur baremetal.

Difficulté : intermédiaire / avancé.

### Feuille de route pour la rédaction d’un article/tutoriel sur l’installation de Proxmox VE sur un serveur BareMetal

#### Introduction
– Explication de ce qu’est Proxmox VE : un hyperviseur de virtualisation open source.
– Avantages de Proxmox par rapport à d’autres solutions.
– A qui s’adresse cet article : public intermédiaire à avancé.
– Présentation générale du processus d’installation.

#### Prérequis
1. **Matériel**
– Explication sur le choix du serveur (compatibilité, performance, etc.)
– Configuration minimale recommandée.
– Hardware RAID vs Software RAID.
– Recommandations pour les configurations réseau.

2. **Logiciel**
– Où télécharger la dernière version de Proxmox VE.
– Création d’une clé USB bootable (outils recommandés et étapes).

#### Installation

1. **Démarrage à partir de la clé USB**
– Configuration du BIOS/UEFI pour booter depuis la clé USB.
– Sélection de l’option d’installation dans le menu Proxmox.

2. **Assistant d’installation**
– Sélection du disque dur pour l’installation.
– Configuration du réseau (adresse IP, masque de sous-réseau, passerelle, DNS).
– Saisie du mot de passe root et confirmation.
– Sélection des options de partitionnement et confirmation de l’installation.

3. **Premier démarrage**
– Retrait de la clé USB.
– Accès à l’interface web via l’adresse IP configurée.

#### Configuration post-installation

1. **Mise à jour du système**
– Connexion via SSH et mise à jour avec `apt update` et `apt dist-upgrade`.

2. **Configuration du réseau**
– Présentation des différents modes (bridge, NAT, etc.).
– Configuration des interfaces virtuelles et des VLANs si nécessaire.

3. **Stockage**
– Ajout de disques supplémentaires et création de volumes LVM, ZFS, etc.
– Configuration des points de montage.
– Configuration des cibles iSCSI si nécessaire.

4. **Gestion des VMs et conteneurs**
– Création, modification et suppression de VMs.
– Configuration de l’ordre de démarrage, des ressources allouées, etc.
– Backup et restauration de VMs.
– Migration de VMs entre différents noeuds Proxmox.

5. **Sécurité**
– Mise en place d’un firewall.
– Sécurisation de l’accès SSH.
– Configuration de l’authentification à deux facteurs pour l’interface web.

#### Optimisations et bonnes pratiques

1. **Optimisations générales**
– Activation de la virtualisation matérielle dans le BIOS/UEFI.
– Configuration du serveur pour des performances optimales.

2. **Gestion de la mémoire**
– Allocation de la mémoire aux VMs et conteneurs.
– Utilisation de baloons et optimisation de la swap.

3. **Stockage**
– Utilisation des SSDs pour le cache.
– Configuration de ZFS pour des performances optimales.

4. **Réseau**
– Utilisation de NICs dédiés pour la migration et le stockage.
– Configuration du bonding pour la haute disponibilité et la performance.

#### Conclusion

– Récapitulation des étapes principales.
– Ressources additionnelles pour approfondir.
– Encouragement à participer à la communauté Proxmox et à partager ses expériences.

#### Annexes

– FAQ : Réponses aux questions courantes concernant l’installation et la configuration de Proxmox.
– Glossaire : Définitions des termes techniques utilisés tout au long de l’article.
– Liens utiles : Ressources complémentaires pour approfondir certains sujets.

En suivant cette feuille de route, votre article/tutoriel sera structuré et détaillé, permettant à votre public cible de comprendre et d’installer efficacement Proxmox VE sur un serveur BareMetal. Bonne rédaction !

Configuration matérielle requise et recommandations pour Proxmox VE

Avant de commencer l’installation, assurez-vous que votre matériel répond au moins aux exigences matérielles minimales de PVE.

Le wiki officiel fournit des spécifications recommandées pour les scénarios d’évaluation et de production (https://www.proxmox.com/en/proxmox-ve/requirements).

Cependant, les spécifications pour l’évaluation de PVE sont un peu vagues et assez restrictives ; elles sont destinées à être testées uniquement. Vous constaterez qu’en les suivant, vous obtiendrez ce dont vous avez besoin pour vous familiariser avec le processus d’installation et l’interface d’administration en ligne. Vous pouvez même essayer de faire fonctionner une seule machine virtuelle minimale et un conteneur. Si votre but  est plus substantiel, cependant, vous risquez d’être très rapidement frustré par ces spécifications.

The following is the configuration recommended by the Proxmox VE wiki page (https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Installation#Minimum_requirements.2C_for_evaluation) for very basic testing of PVE (release 4.1):

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